Read to answer the questions - not to learn the material.
Expect to refer back to the passage as you answer the question(s).
When answering factual questions, skim or scan the passage looking for a significant term from the question; this may be a person's name, at date or a certain word (or synonym for that word).
For most questions, choose an answer that contains only material directly stated in the passage.
Do not rely on your knowledge or understanding of a subject. All of the information you need to answer the questions is in the passage or the answer choices.
A few questions - assumption, inference, and conclusion questions - will ask you to go inside the author's or the reader's mind to find the answer. Even in these question types, you are not expected to have any background knowledge of the subject in the passage.
The main idea, main point, author's purpose for writing and other important statements are frequently found in the first or last sentence of a paragraph.
Details are often found in the inner sentences.
Pay careful attention to conjunctions and adverbs in the passage; they are often clues to the writer's argument.
Words like but, however, although, nevertheless and yet often indicate that two sides of an issue are being discussed and that the author disagrees with the first point.
Words like in addition, similarly, furthermore, and and often indicate that an argument is being constructed to prove the initial point.
Therefore, hence, and similar words often indicate the writer's final conclusion and are helpful when asked to identify an appropriate summary for a passage.
Words like since and because (of) often indicate the author's purpose or argument.
Pay attention to words like always and never within the passage; they usually indicate a fact, or what was accepted as fact.
within an answer choice, words like always and never limit possibilities for error, mutation and chance; answers with the words always and never are frequently an incorrect choice.
Be aware of the difference between what is stated in a passage and what is implied, suggested, or can be inferred.
material that is stated can be found in the passage
material that is implied, suggested, or can be inferred is not directly declared in the passage.
If two answer choices are nearly identical, one of those choices is often the correct one.
Pay attention to descriptive words like misleading, absurd, inspirational, and remarkable. These are often clues to the writer's purpose and tone.
Vocabulary questions can be tricky because so many English words have more than one meaning.
If in doubt, try replacing the word in question with each answer choice - check to see that the sentence still makes sense.
Don't forget to guess!
Use the process of elimination to narrow down your answer choices.
There is no penalty for a wrong answer in the PRAXIS examinations.